2 Answers

  1. The tragicomic story of transformations in the Nutcracker fairy tale-the development of the metaphor “taste by the tooth” to distinguish real gold from fake: the ability to determine the taste of the right thing was considered in everyday culture a sign of an adult, in contrast to the credulity of a child. Hoffmann, like many romantics, laughs at the mundane belittling of childhood: from this point of view, the nutcracker would be a better child. The Krakatook nut that saves the princess but destroys Drosselmeyer is an image of wisdom (Chinese writing as a sign of ancient wisdom), which is saving for female spontaneity, but destroys the master who trusts it. Themes of eternal femininity as wisdom and mastery as an unbearable torment that requires the master to fight the world's evil will become normative in Russian symbolism, from Solovyov to Blok.

  2. Princess Pirlipathen was born toothy, immediately with two rows of pearl teeth (!), bit her father's finger and generally liked to gnaw. This feature has been preserved in the converted state. As you may remember, the fairy tale is a short story within a short story (a favorite form of Romantics), here the story of the Nutcracker and Marie includes the story of the Hard Nut, just about Pirlipat. Through the image of the Nutcracker, Hoffman shows the connection between the two characters. Why exactly the nutcracker (and not some other doll), it is difficult to say. Could there have been another toy in its place?Maybe I could. But perhaps this is the character in which, in the author's opinion, it was best to combine the puppet/fairy-tale and real.

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