2 Answers

  1. For example, in this article wikipedia.org you can read about Kim Peake, the prototype of Dustin Hoffman's “Rain Man” character. I will highlight the important thing in my opinion: Kim Peek was born with a brain that lacks a corpus callosum (it connects the right and left hemispheres of the brain) – according to scientists, brain neurons in the absence of a corpus callosum created new connections, which led to a multiple increase in memory capacity.

  2. Neuroscience and neuropsychology already explain the savant phenomenon quite well. This phenomenon is associated not with reserves, but with physiological features in the structure of the brain of individuals, in which some functions may be more developed to the detriment of others.

    You can read, for example, the books “Ungifted: Intelligence Redefined” and “Wired to Create: Unraveling the Mysteries of the Creative Mind” by Scott Barry Kaufman. If I understand correctly, these books have not been translated into Russian, and I can't immediately name any others.

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