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  1. In the beginning, there was hell and perdition, people ate each other without salt, because they could (due to their natural equality), took away each other's basic goods and means of subsistence, and were each other's wolves (they remained so, but now there is a deterrent). It was called ” the war of all against all.” Then people gathered and decided to do something about it, otherwise everyone will take a break. And we agreed before the social contract. People give the state their rights, their will, and generally themselves. It is assumed that all this is done so that the remaining benefits can be used freely and fearlessly. But then the inner anarchist grunts and urges you to read Leviathan carefully. And it reads there that the state is a union (if this monstrous observance of the rules under the fear of dying in agony can be called a union) of all people (and those who are against it are not asked), “God on earth”, there is nothing above him, everyone is obliged to obey him. What kind of freedom is there?�

    Religion, Hobbes teaches us, is fine, because it allows the state to restrain the people, but the Church must also be under the state (otherwise it may have its own non-state interests). All the “strong states” born out of the revolution after and during Hobbes (and Leviathan was written just after Cromwell's dictatorship) found this idea useful. Therefore, in England, to this day, the Queen is the head of the Anglican Church, in the USSR, Comrade Stalin was already engaged in the question of substituting the Church for the state (for which he even allowed a bishops ' council to be held, at which Patriarch Sergius (Stragorodsky) was elected), and in today's Russia we hear all the time about spiritual bonds and the incorporation of religion into society.�

    Director Zvyagintsev says he hasn't read Hobbes, but I think he's whistling artistically. In his film, there are many more references to Leviathan, and very subtle and witty ones, than to the Bible.

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