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  1. Okay, although this is more like second-year philosophy homework.

    Plato distinguishes abstractions from things and looks at everything from the point of view of an idea. For example, a male person is a man insofar as he expresses the idea of masculinity in his behavior: he is brave, honest, strong, etc.

    According to Plato, the essence of a man as his masculinity exists separately from him – here you do not have to assume other worlds for this, everything is already clear: there is a specific person and there are values that he either expresses or does not.

    According to Aristotle, the essence of this man is connected with his concrete manifestation and does not exist as a separate abstraction. Aristotle looks at things directly and says that it is the qualities of this particular man that do not exist separately from him. In this sense, the thing expresses its essence by its form (as we see this man).

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