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  1. Plato describes his vision of the ideal state in his work “The State”, which is presented in the form of a dialogue.

    A distinctive feature of Plato's ideal state is utter totalitarianism.

    Plato believed that in order to achieve a perfect social structure, it is necessary to organize the life of the population within the framework of three main classes:

    1. The ruling class – enlightened philosophers
    2. Warriors
    3. Artisans and peasants

    The former were assigned the exclusive role of total control over the life of the state – according to Plato, the strictest supervision of all arts and sciences, even over the relationship between men and women, was required, because Plato considered marriage only as a way to restore human resources for the state. All aspects of the social life of Plato's ideal state are imbued with totalitarianism – even for the ruling class of philosophers, it is stipulated to have no family, no home, or anything else in property. This, according to Plato, was to encourage them to devote themselves entirely to the administration of the State.

    For Plato, the individual's happiness meant absolutely nothing. The main goal of a person, as a part, is to ensure well-being for the whole, so he believed that for the ideal existence of society, society should unite in a rigid hierarchical structure, in which total control and supervision prevail.

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