2 Answers

  1. The basis of the so-called philosophy of realism, naive realism, is the assumption that we really exist and the world around us also really exists. However, this assumption is perceived by most people not as an assumption, but as a kind of self-evident truth, so people live as if they really exist. Hence, from this fundamental ontological naivety, comes the very desire to live, to fight for life, to fight for resources: money, property, etc. That is, it is ridiculous to say that those who do not even know whether they exist in reality or not are fighting for all this, because the judgment about this-about the actual, real existence of the world around us and us in it-is always only assumed.�

    No one guarantees your existence, because the judgment about your existence is just a guess, a hypothesis. Who told you that you really exist? This is always just assumed, and if today people around you pretend that they agree to consider you and yourself really exist, then tomorrow everything can change. It's possible, isn't it?

    The judgment about our existence and the existence of the world around us is not a self-evident truth, but only an assumption, a hypothesis, because you can be wrong here. When you realize this, the veil of naivety falls away and something else is revealed underneath.

    Humanity should stop pretending that it is convinced of something. We should all wake up and say goodbye to our fundamental ontological naivete. To wake up is to realize. So we assume.

  2. Such a very general question is very difficult to answer. I can say, perhaps, only that I adhere to the concomitant trend of materialism. Here it is very important to see the line – we all adhere to everyday realism intuitively, i.e. we recognize the existence of objective reality regardless of us. In itself, the philosophy of realism is an empty concept, since it denotes a single thesis. All other clarifying conclusions will inevitably lead to different trends that also recognize this thesis. It will all depend on what aspect you are interested in. When it comes to analytical philosophy, the philosophy of mathematics, and so on, I'm completely incompetent. If you are interested in a more continental philosophy, then the main milestones of realism will be in the philosophy of the French Enlightenment (in particular, its materialistic direction Diderot, Holbach, Helvetius, Lamettri) and of course isthmus and diamat, starting with Marx.

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