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  1. If we talk about the paradigms of modern Western philosophy, then poststructuralism was the last strictly “humanitarian” paradigm. The result is now public philosophers such as Zizek or Sloterdijk, who have long been out of line with the usual ideas of post-structuralism: for them, language, text, or writing are neither the first nor the last reality. Critical theory is now no longer strictly “Western”, merging with international postcolonial and gender studies. In the West, perhaps the most interesting movement is called “speculative realism” or “object-oriented ontology”: it is important not so much for its ideas as for the form of presentation (corresponding to the era of modern media) and a return to those philosophical intuitions, from Kant to Bergson, that were lost in structuralism and post-structuralism. Quentin Meillassoux and Grem Harman are already known to the Russian reader. Francois Laruelle's “non-philosophy”, a kind of response of philosophy to the development of virtual reality, is close to speculative realism. However, we are no less familiar with the latest achievements of the philosophy of post-secularism and multiculturalism, a new critique of the Enlightenment that has overcome the legacy of critical theory – the main works of Canadian Charles Taylor have not yet been translated and are not included in our context of ethical discussions.

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