12 Answers

  1. Philosophy is not made up for anything. It is a necessary way of being the Truth itself. At first, it seems that some individual suddenly wants to philosophize. It seems that his subjective voluntary desire has arisen. And he somehow tries to satisfy it. Starting with individual reflections on strange questions that are not needed in everyday life, a person gradually finds out with sincere interest that there are other people who are looking for answers to these unusual questions.

    He finds that 2,500 years ago, the first philosophers appeared in Ancient Greece. He studies their heritage. It turns out that they were eager to learn the Truth. Going step by step, in understanding how this or that philosopher answered the most important questions, how he defined the Truth.

    Having comprehended in unity the entire historical path of philosophical attempts to cognize Truth thoughtfully, the researcher discovers that his search is necessary for the Truth itself, that his arbitrary desire is not accidental.

  2. Yes, philosophy was invented (we will use the example of Ancient Greece). But it was invented in order to extract the same philosophy. Thus, I introduced the term “philosophy “in two senses: there is what philosophers call” real philosophy “as a component incorporated into the very structure of a person's conscious life (to the extent that it is conscious), and there is a” philosophy of works “(so it is” invented”, created specifically) for the explication (extraction, clarification) of philosophy in life itself.

  3. Philosophy was not invented or invented, it came about as a result of the fact that there was a surplus of food in society. Not everyone needed to work from dawn to dusk and they had free time. Free time is filled with games of various kinds, including reasoning about the nature of things, that is, philosophy.

    An interesting question is whether philosophy has helped the further progress of civilization. It's not at all obvious that the answer is yes. Science began to develop rapidly after Bacon with his inductive methodology of scientific research. This is no longer just verbiage, but a direct link to production.

    Therefore, it makes sense to divide philosophy into speculative dreams, literature of its own kind, and practical, which is a science after Bacon, and which was invented to solve practical problems.

  4. Perhaps it is better to say philosophy was discovered. And so its appearance was not accidental. For this was largely due to the fact that everyone has in one way or another an unceasing (natural) craving for philosophy; in the words of the ancient Greek philosopher Plato, man by nature strives for “true wisdom”, which is what philosophy presents (to him). As Byron aptly puts it:”There is wisdom in the spirit, but wisdom draws the Spirit to the truth as through the twilight of the dawn.”

    For a long time, people began to realize that in addition to individual knowledge, knowledge about everything is required— about man, about nature, and about the world (in general). This science in Ancient Greece was philosophy. First in the form of an idea, then little by little its system began to take shape.

    But all this was not the only reason for the emergence of philosophy. After all, man understood that he exists not only by himself, but also in nature and, let us say, more generally, in the world. In order to feel more confident in his relations with the surrounding reality (and with the world), he needs to have knowledge about this world, because how else can one build a decent (i.e., based on the principles of reason, consciousness, freedom…) relationship with it. As the ancient Greek philosopher Heraclitus rightly believes, ” wisdom consists in speaking the truth and acting according to nature, realizing.”

    But people could only dream of that wealth of knowledge. Reality was not always favorable to them. And, of course, they all dreamed of a better life. And at this time, among the influential and < definitely> enlightened part of the population of Ancient Greece, the views were formed that this should be science and necessarily philosophy. So the ancient philosopher Porphyry says about the ancient Greek philosopher Pythagoras: “The philosophy that he professed was aimed at freeing our innate mind from its fetters and chains.” And, of course, they understood that it was possible to” rescue ” him again only with the help of appropriate, i.e., truly philosophical knowledge. What Proclus (an ancient philosopher) writes about: then philosophy “was revealed to people for the benefit of local souls-instead of statues, instead of temples… it turns out to be the beginning of salvation both for people living today and for those who will see the light in the future.” Of course, there will be many who will perceive something like: how naive were (these) ancients… but there will also be those who will show them due respect (for the fact) that they are after all (humanly) optimistic, and (moreover) a person must have faith in a decent future… as without it…

  5. Philosophy was “invented” in order to separate the objective world from the subjective, thereby deducing the truth (for example, in Western philosophy, the truth is something that never changes over time. This is the criterion that today's science clings to. So if we draw a connection with Buddhism, then only the Absolute or Emptiness does not change), but philosophy has come to a dead end due to the fact that homo sapiens is by nature subjective and changeable, and thus his mind today cannot isolate the absolute truth, coloring certain flashes of it with significant subjectivism.

  6. Experience is transmitted from person to person in two main ways. The 1st is unconscious, when the trainee simply repeats everything after the parent (or someone else) and the first one forms a habit. This is the main method of adaptation to the environment in animals. In addition to this (parenting), people also have a conscious assimilation – education, self-education based on the assimilation of knowledge. But knowledge itself cannot be assimilated if a person does not have a certain view of the world (what it consists of, how it can be used) and on himself (why I am, what I want to achieve in life, etc.) that assumes their development, generates interest in them. It can be said that the possibilities of mastering knowledge and their choice (what needs to be studied and what not) by a particular person are determined by his habits (the result of upbringing) and his perception of the world, worldview (his philosophy). Philosophy appeared among people as a way of conscious assimilation of knowledge, which gradually began to be practiced everywhere. Its advantage is that it gives you the opportunity to learn more and understand the world around you more deeply. And in education, everything is limited only to the transfer of family skills, attitudes to the world and yourself. Although they are basic for survival (the ability to walk, talk, adapt to the environment, relationships with others, etc.), but they are not broad enough (especially in simple families with low incomes) to achieve something more. Moreover, the world, and with it the conditions of life, are changing (if the conditions of life were unchanged, it would not be necessary). Individuals accumulated knowledge by traveling, communicating with other travelers. The knowledge accumulated by them and generalized into life strategies for their conscious application in practical life became known as philosophy. Philosophy (at the beginning of its origin) gave answers to strategic life questions such as how to achieve a specific social position, how to win wars, how to win the heart of a woman (man), etc.based on the experience accumulated by mankind. The truth also created conflicts in society – those who assimilated knowledge had a different view of the world than their parents (Socrates was one of the victims of such conflicts) and this changed the social foundations. More concretized philosophical teachings marked the beginning of the development of religions, the methodology of studying the world, and the allocation of separate sciences, ethics, and aesthetics.

  7. Philosophy is a person's idea of the world. Some of these people were declared philosophers. There has never been a unity of views in philosophy. There is no development of philosophy either. True, some philosophers did express wise thoughts. So there is some benefit to philosophy

  8. Philosophy did not arise spontaneously and unexpectedly. Philosophy is a method of pure knowledge. Kant: “the connectedness of pure intuition, pure thinking, constitutes the essential unity of pure cognition” and provides the possibility of the essential unity of ontological cognition. Aristotle on philosophy: the first philosophy recognizes Entities that are unchangeable, eternal , uncreated, and have a Cause in Themselves. Philosophy is the science of sciences, as it studies the concepts of the Eternal, unchangeable, immaterial world. As a result, a person learns the world correctly discovers the secrets of the universe and from simple concepts of thinking, a person goes back to the contemplation of the Mind. Because the logic of thinking is an instrument of cognition (organon, tool). Kant: “transcendental logic presupposes an a priori variety of sensibility, provided to it by transcendental aesthetics as material for the pure concepts of the understanding, without which they were completely empty.” Philosophy is the main property of human thinking, through his rational soul, a person has the opportunity to know a priori concepts : the relationship of God and the world. Philosophy learns the world of ideas and the world of essences, Plato believes. Aristotle believes that matter cannot be separated from form, but it can only be separated through the mind, in the human mind. Ideas exist in the Higher Mind, in things themselves, and in the mind of man.
    Apodictic knowledge based on logic is necessary for a person to know the truth, it is (as a rule) moral in nature. Correct thinking, purely reflective, in pure thinking, will provide the unity of the pure synthesis of various representations in one pure intuition. Such an identity of the unity of judgments appeals to general philosophical knowledge about thinking, which will have a beneficial effect on general scientific activity. Philosophy calls a person to know the Truth by reason, and not only through the senses and scientific experiment.

  9. I won't say anything new, but I'll say it anyway, since no one mentioned it. Five centuries A.D., there was a mental upheaval that took place at the hands of KJaspers received the name “first axial time”. Then there was a person who realized himself as an original entity, separated from the world, the race and the polis. Individual, subject, personality. For her self-reflection, she needed something that was not previously available. Mythological (generic) consciousness was replaced by internal personal reflection, which in the time of Pythagoras was named “philosophy”. This is a personal worldview that clearly outlines both the inner world of a person and his relationship to society and the world. If we adhere to the opinion that a person repeats the stages of his physical and spiritual genesis in both physical and spiritual development, then we will notice that a young man who is aware of himself as a person turns to philosophy as a personal reflection in its systematic form at this time. Then there will be a second surge of interest in philosophy – senile, near-death. Also no less important and in demand. So no one thought up Chiyo's philosophy. This is our own state of mind, or rather-spirit. And then everyone argues, what is the difference between the soul and the spirit? Yes, in that the soul thinks and feels, and the spirit philosophizes.

  10. The origin of the word” philosophy “is ancient Greek, meaning” love “and”wisdom”.But where the”love of wisdom” originated is impossible.The philosophy of the EAST has an ancient origin,I think more ancient than the Greek one.This is my opinion! But if we consider the sources of obtaining knowledge, they are very different.If you look at the sources of ancient Greece, then the influence of Egypt and intuitive thinking.The philosophy of the East is based on meditation knowledge obtained from the original source and therefore it is more reliable, which is now confirmed by scientific research!!! With respect.

  11. The question is not entirely clear, but nevertheless. It is not possible to invent a philosophy,this is not a fairy tale, this is LIFE!!! A real philosopher is a simple person who knows how to understand nature; one who, even if left without books, can continue to read, and if left without nature, can continue to dream!

  12. Philosophy is a form of human knowledge of the world. In fact, it is a tool for studying the universe and its laws. Humanity is developing approaches to the study of various disciplines, and philosophy (like mathematics in the exact sciences) is a good help to it.

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