2 Answers

  1. The question, of course, is quite complicated, if only because of the ambiguity of the word “science”itself. At a minimum, we can identify four possible points of emergence of “science” and, accordingly, four of its understanding.

    In anthropology, for example, in the works of B. Malinovsky, science can be considered as a set of any rational knowledge and practical skills. For example, the ability of aborigines to build canoes or effectively engage in agriculture for Malinovsky is a primitive science.

    Other authors would link the emergence of science to the emergence of the proof culture in Ancient Greece. Then the appearance of science coincides in time with the appearance of the first geometric theorems, for example, Thales ' theorem (c. VI century BC).

    For others, the father of science is Aristotle, who emphasized logical laws, focused more on empirical science, and set the foundations for a scientific picture of the world for the next fifteen hundred years.

    Others will say that science appeared when classical natural science appeared, i.e. with the works of such authors as Galileo and Newton.

    In the latter sense (as classical natural science), “science “has already largely” died out “in the sense that classical science has been replaced by a new understanding of science, the so-called” non-classical “and” post-non-classical ” science in the terminology of the famous Russian philosopher Stepin.

    In the second and third sense, “science” may well, if not “die out”, then fade into the background in the future, since in this case it is understood as a historically developed way of exploring the world, so it is not impossible that more progressive ways of exploring the world will appear over time.

    Finally, in the first sense, “science” is unlikely to die out faster than humanity itself, because in this sense, the concept of science generally covers all constructive rational human activity.

  2. Science, as the search for methods of transforming the entire surrounding reality for itself, is the main, generic feature of a reasonable person. Therefore, it will become the main, and perhaps almost the only area of self-realization of humanity and can only die out together with it.

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