2 Answers

  1. No, it's not possible. The very concept of complicity states that this is the DELIBERATE joint participation of two or more persons in the commission of an intentional crime.

    Also, if one person knew that he was acting together with someone, and the other did not, there will be no complicity. For example, Person A broke the lock on a warehouse in order to steal some items from it. Noticing this, Person B also decided to break into the already opened door in the warehouse to steal something for himself. Thus, person B knew about A's presence in the warehouse, got there with his help (opening the door), and committed the same criminal act simultaneously with him. In turn, person A did not know about B's actions, so there will be no joint intent, and therefore no complicity.

  2. There is no reckless complicity, but there are such concepts as ” uninvited concealment in advance (Article 316 of the Criminal Code – only for the concealment of particularly serious crimes; the note says that close relatives, priests at confession, etc. are not responsible)”

    and “unannounced connivance in advance” is a whole group of crimes committed by a special subject, officials, or persons performing functions in the justice system.

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